how to avoid caries?

Did you know that caries is a 100% controllable disease?

Caries is currently the most common
chronic infectious disease during childhood, five times more common than asthma
and seven times more common than hay fever. It is a serious public health problem
that may have severe repercussions in
the baby's and the child's general health.

Caries is a multifactorial infectious disease, which means various factors are present in its apparition. The most common during childhood are:

- Belated visits to the dentist: the sooner you visit the paediatric dentist (before your child turns one year old), the more possibilities and tools to prevent oral diseases you will have.

- Dental characteristics: a small amount of children have enamel defects in their milk teeth (hypoplasia) caused by some alteration during their formation (in the womb), making their surface more vulnerable to caries.

Enamel hypoplasia

- Poor oral hygiene: is maybe the most important factor for caries development. From the moment the first tooth has erupted, it is mandatory to clean the baby's mouth, as well as to floss between molars as soon as they come in contact with each other.

- Early bacterial transmission: there are certain risky conducts that increase the possibility of an early transmission of bacteria from the mother/father's saliva and increase the baby’s caries risk.

- Nocturnal feeding: during sleep, there is almost no salivary flow, so this moment is the most susceptible to bacterial attack. That is why after the first tooth erupts nocturnal feeding is not advisable, especially in a baby bottle. In case of continuing breastfeeding or the bottle, you must try to clean your baby's teeth after nocturnal feeding.

- Incorrect nutritious habits: a highly cariogenic diet, especially between meals, multiplies the possibility of developing early childhood caries.

Also, there are certain dental anatomies (morphology) that favour and increase the risk of caries. For this special type of tooth morphology, pit and fissure sealants are excellent measures to prevent food retention and caries. Ask your paediatric dentist.

- Insufficient exposure to fluorides: the use of topical fluoride has been very effective in increasing the teeth's resistance to bacterial attack, especially in high-risk patients. The paediatric dentist must indicate you the amount of fluoride necessary according to your child's age and individual risk of caries.
Our recommendations so that your child will never suffer from caries are:
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